Agricultural Projects - Crops

This chapter covers different guidelines on Agricultural production and management, livestock production, aquaculture, environmental management and nutrition. It contains topics that the 4-K Clubs can undertake at individual and club level. However, the choice of the project will depend on the resources, skills, prevailing weather patterns and individual





This is the most important vegetable grown for local fresh market. A little is exported. It is mainly used for cooking and as a salad. When dehydrated it can be used as livestock feed.


Spinach is grown for its succulent edible leaves. It is rich in vitamin A and high content of iron, calcium, phosphorus and vitamin C.


Supplies the body with Vitamin A which is good for eye sight and smooth skin and is either eaten raw or cooked. It requires cool to warm climate because the roots are sensitive to high soil temperatures. It does best in well drained fine soils.


Tomatoes are popular vegetables in Kenya for use as fresh and for processing. They are processed into tomato paste, sauce and puree. They are used as a vegetable, jam making, provides vitamins and minerals.

Bulb Onion

Onion is a biennial vegetable grown in many parts of the country either under rain fed or irrigation. Onions are used as vegetables in salads, soups and stews. They are mainly grown for the domestic market.


The kale is a member of the cabbage family. It is widely grown and consumed in Kenya. Kales provide vitamins and minerals that protect our bodies against diseases.


Amaranth also known as the African spinach is cultivated for both its seeds which are used as a grain and its leaves which are used as a vegetable. Both the leaves and seeds contain protein of an unusually high quality. The leaves of both the grain and vegetable types may be used as vegetable. 

Spider Plant (Saget)

This is an indigenous vegetable popular in Western, Nyanza, Rift valley and Coast provinces. The vegetable is highly nutritious and easy to grow.

Spider Plant (Saget)

CAPSICUM/PEPPERS (Capsicum spp) Capsicum (called pilipili hoho in Kenya) are a hardy type of plant. It is rarely attacked by diseases or pests though it still needs proper preventive care. Capsicum farming in Kenya does best in hot areas. 


Coriander is easy to plant and take care of. The aroma of the leaves and the seeds is simply irresistible. Coriander grows with almost zero maintenance. From seed to plant, the coriander grows very vigorously and is ready to harvest in a span of a month and half.

Black Night Shade

Black Nightshade is an adaptable plant that flourishes in full or partial sun, moist to mesic situations, and
almost any kind of soil, especially fertile loam with abundant nitrogen. The size of a plant depends heavily on moisture levels and soil fertility.


Pumpkin is a gourd-like squash of the genus Cucurbita and the family Cucurbitaceae. The plant is believed to have originated in North America. They vary greatly in shape, and size ranging from oblate to oblong. The rind is smooth and usually lightly ribbed.



Locally, beans are the most important pulses, and rank second to maize as a food crop. Beans grow best in medium to moderately high rainfall areas. Too much rains and long dry spells lead to reduced yields

Cow Peas

Cowpeas are grown mostly for their edible beans, although the leaves, green peas and green pea pods can also be consumed, meaning the cowpea can be used as a food source before the dried peas are harvested.



Maize is the staple food in most farming areas of Kenya and is grown under both rain fed and irrigation. The maize growing areas of the country are located in ecological zones that allow the maize to grow irrespective of limiting temperature and rainfall environments.


Sorghum is grown mainly for its grain although it has other uses like fodder and bio-fuels. Most varieties are drought and heat tolerant and are especially important in arid regions.


Millet is a fast-growing cereal plant that is widely grown in semi- arid lands of Kenya. The numerous small seeds are
mainly used to make flour for popular local recipes such as Ugali and Uji.



Strawberries protect your heart, increase HDL (good) cholesterol, lower your blood pressure, and guard against cancer. Packed with vitamins, fiber, and particularly high levels of antioxidants known as polyphenols, strawberries are a sodium-free, fat-free, cholesterol-free, low-calorie food.

Passion Fruit

The passion is a perennial climbing plant. It is aromatic and mainly grown for export and local market.


Watermelon belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae. It is related to the cantaloupe, squash, pumpkin and other plants that also grow on vines on the ground. Watermelons can be round, oblong or spherical in shape and feature thick green rinds that are often spotted or striped


Irish Potatoes

The Irish potato is a staple food crop in Kenya it is mainly grown by small scale farmers especially in high altitudes. Such areas include: Nyandarua, Embu, Meru, Nakuru, Molo, Kericho, Nandi, Bomet, Wundanyi in Taita hills, Bungoma, Mt. Elgon, and Kisii.

Sweet Potato

Sweet Potato is a perennial vine adaptable to different agroecological zones. It is widely grown on a small scale mainly in
subsistence farming. Sweet potato is used as food, boiled or roasted and eaten either alone or with other foods such as milk, porridge, soups or grains. It can be grown as a cover crop to reduce soil erosion.


Cassava is a perennial shrub. It is grown for its enlarged starch-filled roots (tubers). The tubers can be processed into flour or cut into pieces to be eaten raw or boiled. The slices can also be roasted or deep fried as chips and crisps. The leaves of cassava can be eaten and contain a high level of vitamin A.